Pioneer School #13 (6 miles northwest of Shawnee) opened October 2nd 7 months term.

Pioneer School #13 (6 miles northwest of Shawnee) opened October 2nd 7 months term. Miss Lela Ginsinger, Principal (been here 2 years). Photo shows only 6 children present and 2 teachers in the third week of school. Expect 24 pupils. All absences are due to cotton. A few of the larger ones will be out in the Spring for cotton. Lewis Wickes Hine. See W. H. Swift Report. Location: Potawotamie County, Oklahoma. Date Created/Published: 1916 October 16. LOC original medium: 1 photographic print. Picture of child labour by Lewis Hine.